Back pain has affected human beings throughout recorded history and the global leading cause of years lived with a disability. For a long time, the consensus among the medical community was that the treatment for back pain was simply rest.
This changed in 1988 when a Danish rheumatologist, Professor Claus Manniche, published the results of a clinical trial in The Lancet  demonstrating the efficacy of supervised exercise therapy in treating what by then had been categorised as chronic low back pain (CLBP). This study led to a paradigm shift in the understanding of low back pain and active spine rehabilitation, and its principles still underpin the standard of care for CLBP today.
Yet a significant issue remained. Professor Manniche and another back pain expert, Dr Hanne Albert – colleagues at The Spine Centre at the University of Southern Denmark, – discovered that a significant percentage of CLBP patients did not respond to exercise-based therapy. Dr Albert noticed that certain CLBP patients had pathological changes in the vertebrae of the spine – Modic changes – on their MRI scans. Further extensive research led to a breakthrough hypothesis: that low-grade bacterial infection in the discs of the vertebrae was the cause of severe disabilities for this particular patient group.
Despite widespread scepticism from the global medical community, this hypothesis was vindicated in a 2013 paper  published in the European Spine Journal. The paper described a double-blind, placebo-controlled, and randomised clinical trial with 162 patients which demonstrated that an oral antibiotic treatment offered a curative treatment for these CLBP patients by removing the cause of their pain – i.e., the bacterial infection. Dr Albert was awarded the prestigious German Award for Pain Research and Contribution to Medicine for this work and other studies in this space in 2017. Since then, other scientific papers including a review of the infectious pathway  and other studies investigating the effect of oral antibiotic treatment on patients with back pain and Modic changes have validated Dr Albert’s work .
Persica Pharmaceuticals was founded in 2013 by Mr Peter Hamlyn, and Dr Alan Jordan, Professor Claus Manniche, Dr Hanne Albert, Mr Chris Welch and Dr Eliot Forster. Its mission was to develop a shorter course of treatment than that which was used in the trial (a 100-day course) by finding a more effective delivery method to the site of infection and, crucially, a means of ensuring that the treatment did not exacerbate the growing issue of antibiotic resistance.
Persica, working with a range of CROs has created an injectable antibiotic formulation with these properties and has commenced clinical trials in order to demonstrate its safety and efficacy. Specifically, Persica will be targeting patients with CLBP and ‘Modic 1’ changes or mixed ‘Modic 1’ and ‘Modic 2’ changes to their spine, as can be visualised on an MRI scan – representing millions of patients.
- Clinical trial of intensive muscle training for chronic low back pain, C Manniche, L Bentzen, G Hesselso̸e, I Christensen, E Lundberg, The Lancet 1998, 332 (8626-8627), 1471476
- Antibiotic treatment in patients with chronic low back pain and vertebral bone edema (Modic type 1 changes): a double-blind randomized clinical controlled trial of efficacy, HB Albert, JS Sorensen, BS Christensen, C Manniche, European Spine Journal 2013, 22 (4), 697-707
- Chronic low back pain, bacterial infection and treatment with antibiotics, Gilligan CJ, Cohen SP, Hirsch JA, Czaplewski L. The Spine Journal 000 (2021). 1-12.
- Chronic low back pain, Modic changes and low grade virulent infection: efficacy of antibiotic treatment. Manniche C, Hall GM. Future Sci. OA (2021)